One of the great benefits of reading the psalms
is that they present us with patterns of life that the godly go
through in every age. And in doing that they encourage us that we
are made of the same stuff as the saints of old, and they give us
guidance how to follow the pattern of godliness through to the end.
One of the patterns of life recurring in the
psalms is getting in the pits and getting out again. And my favorite
statement of this pattern comes from David's experience found in
Psalm 40. We are going to focus only on verses 1–3 but we will read
the whole psalm so as not to miss any insight the context might
I waited patiently for the Lord;
and he inclined to me, and heard my cry.
He brought me up out of the pit of destruction,
out of the miry clay;
And he set my feet upon a rock,
making my footsteps firm.
And he put a new song in my mouth,
a song of praise to our God;
Many will see and fear,
And will trust in the Lord.
How blessed is the man who has made
the Lord his trust,
And has not turned to the proud,
nor to those who lapse into falsehood.
Many, O Lord my God,
are the wonders which thou hast done,
And thy thoughts toward us;
There is none to compare with thee;
If I would declare and speak of them,
They would be too numerous to count.
Sacrifice and meal offering thou hast not
My ears thou has opened;
Burnt offering and sin offering
thou hast not required.
Then I said, "Behold, I come;
In the scroll of the book it is written of me;
I delight to do thy will, O my God;
Thy law is within my heart."
I have proclaimed glad tidings of
in the great congregation;
Behold, I will not restrain my lips,
O, Lord thou knowest.
I have not hidden thy righteousness
within my heart;
I have spoken of thy faithfulness
and thy salvation;
I have not concealed thy lovingkindness
and thy truth from the great congregation.
Thou, O Lord, wilt not withhold
thy compassion from me;
Thy lovingkindness and thy truth
will continually preserve me.
For evils beyond number have surrounded me;
My iniquities have overtaken me,
so that I am not able to see;
They are more numerous
than the hairs of my head;
And my heart has failed me.
Be pleased, O Lord, to deliver me;
Make haste, O Lord, to help me!
Let those be ashamed and humiliated together
Who seek my life to destroy it;
Let those be turned back and dishonored
Who delight in my hurt.
Let those be appalled because of their shame
Who say to me, "Aha, aha!"
Let all who seek thee rejoice
and be glad in thee;
Let those who love thy salvation say continually,
"The Lord be magnified!"
Since I am afflicted and needy,
Let the Lord be mindful of me;
Thou art my help and my deliverer;
Do not delay, O my God.
Verses 1–3 present a pattern of life at least
part of which every Christian knows about first hand. My goal
tonight, though, is that we all be enabled to follow the whole
pattern all the way through to its exciting conclusion. David leads
us through six stages of his experience, and I want us to follow him
closely. First, David is in a muddy pit; second, he cries to God for
help; third, he waits for the Lord; fourth, God draws him out of the
pit to safety; fifth, God gives David a new song to sing (probably
the one we are reading); sixth, many others come to trust God when
they see this pattern of life. The king's pit, the king's cry, the
king's patience, the king's rescue, the king's song, and the king's
influence. Here is King David, a man after God's own heart. Let us
see if we can make his pattern part of our life.
David Is in the Pits
First, the king is in the pits (v. 2). What is
this experience? What are we supposed to feel with the king when we
read that it is like being caught in a desolate pit and in miry
clay? I looked up this word translated "destruction" in the NASB and
"horrible" in the KJV and "desolate" in the RSV. What I found was
that it refers elsewhere to roaring or tumult, like stormy waves.
When you consider that the usual meaning of "pit" is a well or a
cistern, the image you get is striking. It is as if David had fallen
into a deep, dark well and plunged not into a clean placid pool but
a roaring storm like Hurricane Allen, only all dark and underground.
Then alongside that picture is the image of mire
and mud. The two don't seem to go together. But don't forget these
are images that are supposed to make us feel what David was feeling.
They are not photographs. It helped me to get a picture of this mud
to read what King Zedekiah did to Jeremiah when he wanted to get rid
of him. It says in Jeremiah 38:6, "So they took Jeremiah and cast
him into the cistern of Malchiah, the king's son, which was in the
court of the guard, letting Jeremiah down by ropes. And there was no
water in the cistern, but only mire, and Jeremiah sank in the mire."
There is one other time David wrote about an experience similar to
the one here in Psalm 40, and there, too, he combined the images of
mud and flood. Psalm 69:1–2 says, "Save me, O God, for the waters
have come up to my soul. I have sunk in deep mire and there is no
foothold; I have come into deep waters and a flood overflows me."
So perhaps what we are to imagine is falling into
a well and sinking deep in the sludge at the bottom and going deeper
every time we try to lift a foot and then all of a sudden there is
roaring water coming from somewhere and it rushes around us in the
dark. And then comes the sense of helplessness and desperation, and
all of a sudden air, just air, is worth a million dollars, worth
more than all the cars in Michigan and all the cabins in Minnesota.
Helplessness, desperation, apparent hopelessness, the breaking point
for the overworked businessman, the outer limits of exasperation for
the mother of three constantly crying children, the impossible
expectations of too many classes in school, the grinding stress of a
lingering illness, the imminent attack of a powerful enemy. It is
good that we don't know what the experience was. It makes it easier
to see ourselves in the pits with the king. Anything that causes a
sense of helplessness and desperation and threatens to ruin life or
take it away—that is the king's pit.
David Cries Out to the Lord
Now the king's cry (v. 1): "I waited patiently
for the Lord; he inclined to me and heard my cry.'' One of the
reasons God loved David so much was because he cried so much. Psalm
6:6, "I am weary with my mourning; every night I flood my bed with
tears; I drench my couch with my weeping." Psalm 56:8, "Put my tears
in thy bottle; are they not in thy book?" Indeed they are, because,
"blessed are they that mourn." It is a beautiful thing when a broken
man genuinely cries out to God. Not like the jock who gets a cramp
while swimming but struggles to get to shore unassisted lest he
appear to be weak, but like the little child who wanders too far out
in the turf and starts to get taken by the undertow and cries out
immediately, "Daddy! Daddy!" God loves to answer childlike prayers.
But make sure the cry is to God and for God, not
to man. Notice the inference David draws in verse 4: "Blessed is the
man who has made the Lord his trust, and has not turned to the
proud." Some are willing to say they need help but will seek it
anywhere but from the Lord. But God is very displeased with such
behavior. A good example is King Asa. God punished him for relying
on Syria as an ally instead of relying on God. But Asa refused to
learn his lesson and at the end of his life, it says in 2 Chronicles
16:12, "In the 39th year of his reign, Asa was diseased
in his feet, and his disease became severe, yet even in his disease
he did not seek the Lord, but sought help from physicians." The
point here is not that doctors are bad, but that it is bad to make a
doctor your God . . . to think that with him alone is healing.
Whatever benefit comes through physicians comes from the Lord and
therefore his help is to be sought. Psalm 118:8, 9: "It is better to
take refuge in the Lord than to trust in man; it is better to take
refuge in the Lord than to take trust in princes." Or as one of my
favorite passages puts it: "Do not trust in princes, in mortal man,
in whom there is no salvation. His spirit departs, he returns to the
earth; in that very day his thoughts perish. How blessed is he whose
help is the God of Jacob, whose hope is the Lord his God!" (Psalm
146:3–5). Therefore, when you are in the pit, you do not just cry
out to anybody, you cry to God.
David Waits for the Lord
then is a very important part of the pattern—you wait. Verse
1: "I waited patiently for the Lord." Or more literally, I waited
intently for the Lord. The reason this is so important for us to
hear is that it guards us from unbelief when God's help seems long
in coming. We can draw no deadlines for God. He hastens or he delays
as he sees fit.
He knows the time for joy and truly
Will send it when He sees it meet,
When He has tried and purged thee duly
And found thee free from all deceit.
Waiting for the Lord is a great part of the
Christian life. There are at least two essential elements in the way
we should wait with the king: humility and hope. Look back at Psalm
37:9, "Evildoers will be cut off, but those who wait for the Lord,
they will inherit the land." Then in verse 11 the same promise is
repeated, but in the place of those who wait it is the meek or the
humble: "But the humble will inherit the land, and will delight
themselves in abundant prosperity." Those who wait are the humble.
Have you ever been in a large waiting room at a
doctor's office when the doctor is late returning from a call and
the patients are stacked up? Who are the ones who get feisty with
the receptionist and grumble to everybody? Not the meek, not the
humble. Humble people can wait. They are not so presumptuous about
their rights. So it is in waiting for God. We simply show how badly
we need the chastisement of his delay when we do not wait patiently.
Secondly, those who wait patiently hope in God.
Psalm 39:7, "And now, Lord, for what do I wait? My hope is in thee."
Psalm 130:5, "I wait for the Lord, my soul does wait, and in his
word do I hope." The soul of one who waits for God is not listless.
It is not like a weather vane pointing this way, then that. But it
is like a hungry animal straining toward his food, longing for his
food. "As a deer pants for the water brooks, so my soul pants for
thee, O God. My soul thirsts for God, for the living God" (Psalm
42:1, 2). Those who wait like David strain toward the moment when
God will come, and they hope in him. When will he come? At the right
time. That is all we can know. And that is enough.
The Lord Delivers David
When he comes he will lift us out of the pit.
Verse 2: "He brought me up out of the pit of tumult, out of the miry
clay; and he set my feet upon a rock making my steps firm." There is
a world of difference between quicksand and rock. God moves us, when
he comes, from a sense of desperation to a sense of security. In the
pit we had not forgotten God, but our sense of his presence and
comfort was not as lively as when he rescues us. In fact, the
essence of the rescue is the restoration of that strong feeling of
God's nearness and help.
For David, the rescue may have been the healing
of some disease as well. This was the case in Psalm 30:2, "O Lord,
my God, I cried to thee for help, and thou didst heal me." Or it may
have been deliverance from his enemies as in Psalm 69, "Save me, O
God . . . those who hate me without a cause are more than the hairs
of my head; those who would destroy me are powerful." Or it may have
been deliverance from the oppressive guilt of sin he had committed
as in Psalm 51, "Be gracious to me, O God, . . . wash me thoroughly
from my iniquity and cleanse me from my sin."
The Lord Gives David a New Song to Sing
God can deliver from every sort of pit and mire
and will deliver his servants from any plight that would destroy
their faith. And when he does we will sing. Verse 3: "He put a new
song in my mouth, a song of praise to our God." People who never
sing, at least in their heart, are people who do not cherish
anything very deeply, or feel intense gratitude for anything. They
are the sort of people who take all life for granted. They never
soar with a sense of joy in their heart.
All of us gravitate to that condition because of
our fallen nature. And one of the ways God keeps us awake is by
letting us hit the pits, leaving us there a while and then bringing
us out into the fresh air of his grace again. Do you know of any
other way to get someone to love air besides letting them almost be
suffocated and breathe again?
I was swimming at the bottom of a pool one time,
about nine feet down, and I got my finger caught in the drain cover.
In a matter of seconds air was almost all I cared about. I was good
for about thirty more seconds and I cried out to God and he loosed
my finger and set me upon the concrete deck and put a new song in my
mouth, a hymn to air, precious air, sweet air, priceless air, and to
That is the kind of love God wants from us for
himself. And if he must, he will get it by hiding himself for a
season, until we crave him like a drowning boy craves air. And when
he shows himself again and we come up gasping into his presence, we
will sing like never before. All the old songs will be new. And if
they are not adequate we will write our own.
The church ought not merely sing the songs of
yesterday's saints. There ought to be new songs and they ought to
come from you, because God has put them in your mouth. Let all the
poets of Bethlehem Baptist Church come forth. Let us make a book. We
will call it Patterns of Praise. Somebody start the
Others See and Are Saved
Who knows how many people might see and fear and
put their trust in the Lord. That is the end of verse 3, and the
final step in the pattern of life described in these three verses.
Isn't it tremendous that whenever God gives us deliverance from the
pit and puts a new song in our mouth, his aim is not only our
benefit but also the benefit of others through us? Let us never view
our own song as the stopping place of God's mercies. God aims for us
to sing others into the kingdom. How does this happen?
They see, fear, and put their trust in God. What
do they see? They see a person who, contrary to human nature, was
humble in distress and who never lost hope and banked on God and who
when he was delivered gave God the glory. They see something real,
genuine, authentic, something that rings true in the human heart.
And as the conviction starts to build in the unbeliever that there
is truth and reality in the life of the godly, he begins to fear,
fear the implications of his own unbelief. If God is that real and
can be depended on to help those who hope in him, then probably
those who disregard him and pin their hopes on all sorts of other
things are in trouble (cf. Phil.1:28). And by the grace of God many
will make the final move and put their trust in the Lord. The music
of the rescued saints is a tremendous means of evangelism.
What a surprise! The whole story turns out to be
a lesson in personal evangelism. How shall we win others to Christ?
When you are in the pits with the king, cry out to the Lord like a
helpless child; then humbly and hopefully wait patiently for the
Lord; and when he comes in his own time and makes you secure, then
sing a new song to his grace so people can see and fear and put
their trust in the Lord.
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